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# Python program to show the usage of Fermat's little theorem in a division
# According to Fermat's little theorem, (a / b) mod p always equals a * (b ^ (p - 2)) mod p
# Here we assume that p is a prime number, b divides a, and p doesn't divide b
# Wikipedia reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fermat%27s_little_theorem
def binary_exponentiation(a, n, mod):
if n == 0:
return 1
elif n % 2 == 1:
return (binary_exponentiation(a, n - 1, mod) * a) % mod
else:
b = binary_exponentiation(a, n / 2, mod)
return (b * b) % mod
# a prime number
p = 701
a = 1000000000
b = 10
# using binary exponentiation function, O(log(p)):
print((a / b) % p == (a * binary_exponentiation(b, p - 2, p)) % p)
# using Python operators:
print((a / b) % p == (a * b ** (p - 2)) % p)